“People tend to blame canine weight gain on lack of exercise, but overfeeding is usually the biggest culprit. Treats are silent saboteurs of good health, and account for a tremendous amount of calories, salt, and fat. Veterinarian Ernie Ward recommends nutrient-rich alternatives like pieces of veggies (broccoli, green beans, baby carrots) or lean cooked meat, which taste better than processed treats. Single-ingredient store-bought treats like salmon flakes or freeze-dried fruits and meats are also good options. But treat within reason. If you notice weight gain, scale back.”
Misagal, T. (2013). A Hefty Matter. Martha Stewart Living, 237, 162.