What happens in multiple sclerosis?

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Abnormal reflexes (absent or exaggerated)
  • Visual disturbances (double vision and nystagmus [involuntary eye movement])
  • Motor dysfunction, such as weakness, tremor, and uncoordinated movements
  • Sensory disturbances, such as paresthesia, impaired deep sensation, and impaired vibratory and position sense
  • Impaired speech (dysarthria)
  • Urinary dysfunction, such as hesitancy, frequency, urgency, and retention
  • Neurobehavioral syndromes, such as depression, cognitive impairment, and emotional lability

McCormick, M. (2010). Degenerative disorders: ALS and MS. Nursing Made Incredibly Easy, 8(3), 28-36.

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